Bleeding Gums: Causes And Treatment

Daily oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist are essential to prevent bleeding gums. 

Bleeding gums: causes and treatment

Bleeding gums  is a sign that something is wrong with the gums. Because healthy gums don’t bleed, not even when you eat an apple. Almost everyone suffers from bleeding gums at some point. Often, however, we do not attach any importance to this symptom and consider it temporary and unimportant. But bleeding gums are not normal and are an important sign to watch out for.

It could be  an early symptom of an illness. Therefore, you should pay attention to it, even if it only happens sporadically. In today’s article, we’ll tell you more about the causes and treatment of bleeding gums. Read on to learn more about it.

Interesting facts about bleeding gums

When the gums bleed, they are inflamed and usually also reddened. Even if this usually only occurs when brushing your teeth or when consuming certain foods, a gum disease can be hiding behind it. So it could be a gum inflammation (gingivitis) or a periodontitis (bacterial inflammation, which leads to the breakdown of the tooth support apparatus). 


We are talking about a very common disease of the gums that is not necessarily bad, but can lead to periodontal disease if not treated appropriately. The gums become inflamed and red and swollen. This particularly endangers the seam between the tooth and the gum.

The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. That is why it is essential to clean your teeth thoroughly and regularly.

Interesting facts about bleeding gums

Periodontal disease

This is about a serious infection of the gums. Over time, this leads to the breakdown of the teeth holding apparatus,  which means that the bones that hold the teeth are destroyed by this disease. As a result, the teeth fall out. This disease is also very common.

Periodontal disease is also often due to poor oral hygiene. But there are also other risk factors that can lead to this: Numerous studies have shown, for example, that smokers are much more likely to get it. 

Other causes of bleeding gums

There are other causes that can trigger bleeding gums as well. Too much of a good thing can also be harmful:  Those who brush their teeth too hard with a hard toothbrush or, for example, use the dental floss incorrectly or are not used to it, can also suffer from bleeding gums. Various medications can also cause it. 

How does bleeding gums come about?

The mouth is colonized by countless bacteria  that continuously form plaque (bacterial plaque) and excrete harmful metabolic products. This plaque is removed by brushing your teeth and flossing, but if you clean your teeth poorly or not at all, the plaque builds up on the teeth.

This causes tartar to build up over time. As a defense reaction, inflammation of the gums occurs, which in turn can lead to receding gums. The gums are irritated and start to bleed.

How does bleeding gums come about?
Daily cleaning of the teeth prevents plaque and tartar build-up. This can also prevent other problems in the mouth area.

How can you prevent bleeding gums?

The first thing you should do is get a dental exam and advice. Professional teeth cleaning is very important to remove tartar,  even if you do not have gum disease.

The following hygiene measures should be carried out thoroughly every day:

  • Clean your teeth every day! You should brush your teeth two to three times a day. Take a few minutes and do it carefully. Don’t forget to clean the hard-to-reach areas too!
  • Some experts recommend electric toothbrushes. These should preferably have soft, rounded bristles. Be careful when brushing the gums and the line between the gums and teeth.
  • Use dental floss every day. This will help prevent tartar build-up between your teeth. Daily mouthwash is also recommended!
  • As already mentioned, you should go to the dentist regularly to have the condition of your teeth checked. It is usually recommended to visit the dentist twice a year.
  • Quit smoking and largely avoid alcohol. You will benefit from it in many ways!

In addition, a healthy diet also plays an important role. A varied, balanced diet should include plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables that provide important vitamins. This keeps gums and teeth healthy. Avoid sugary foods that damage your teeth as much as possible.


Bleeding gums can be a sign of illness and should therefore be examined and treated professionally by a dentist. Maintain good oral hygiene to avoid problems with your teeth or gums. 

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