Drug Treatment Of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

Most often, antidepressants are prescribed for obsessive-compulsive disorder. In addition, cognitive behavioral therapy is highly recommended. Find out more about this topic today. 

Drug treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (short OCE from English Obsessive-compulsive disorder ) are very common psyschische disorders that can be treated with various therapies. In particular, antidepressants are used, which are very efficient in general treatment for this mental disorder. If there is no appropriate therapy, OCE can lead to anxiety and difficulties in everyday life.

There is no reason to be ashamed of this disorder and therefore not to seek help. It is a disease like any other. It is therefore very important to be well informed about them, to understand them and to cast off prejudices.

A lot of research shows  that good cognitive behavioral therapy in combination with drugs can produce very good results for obsessive-compulsive disorder. In the course of the article, we will look at different medications and also what a therapy usually looks like.

Cognitive behavior therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder

As a first-line therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy is usually used. This therapy is recommended  by major institutions such as the  National Institute of Mental Health and Harvard Medical School.

A very common technique in cognitive behavioral therapy is to anticipate the answer. This method involves gradually dealing with dreaded things and obsessions, such as dirt. In addition, the patient is shown healthy ways to face their fears. 

Anticipating the answers requires effort and practice, but it is very efficient and can improve the quality of life of those affected once they have learned to control their obsessions and compulsions. This type of therapy can be done in individual, group, or family sessions

Treat obsessive-compulsive disorder
Cognitive behavioral therapy achieves very good results with OCE.

What drugs are used for obsessive-compulsive disorder?

Most often, antidepressants are used for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Specifically, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are very effective. They can alleviate symptoms and support behavior therapy.

Antidepressants are prescribed by a psychiatrist and are taken temporarily until the person concerned can manage the disorder with cognitive behavioral therapy. However, not all patients react in the same way. 

Some people get good results with first-line treatment with these drugs, but others may need other drugs to relieve symptoms. Therefore  , the doctor sometimes gives a combination of reuptake inhibitors and other drugs to achieve better results.

The following drugs are used for obsessive-compulsive disorder:

  • Clomipramine: for people 10 years and over
  • Fluoxetine: for patients over 7 years of age
  • Flucoxamine: for patients over 8 years of age
  • Paroxetine: for adults only
  • Sertraline: for adults and children from 6 years

It should be noted that treatment with this type of antidepressant only becomes effective from  around the 10th week. Therefore, it is difficult to judge whether the drug will help or not at first. The doctor is responsible for observing and assessing this.

Medicines for obsessive-compulsive disorder
For obsessive-compulsive disorder, antidepressants are mainly used.

The combined treatment

While there are several drugs available to treat OCD, studies have shown that  relapse rates are lower with cognitive behavioral therapy. This cannot be generalized, but it is an interesting point to use in planning the intervention.

Combined treatment with behavioral therapy and drugs is particularly effective. Experts point out that pharmacological treatment should only be an adjunct to behavioral therapy and that only medication prescribed by a doctor should be taken.

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