Dyshidrosis or dyshidrotic eczema is a disease that originates in the body, although it is often associated with stress and allergies.
Dyshidrotic eczema, also known as dyshidrosis, is a type of skin inflammation. It occurs on the hands and feet in the form of small, fluid-filled blisters . In many cases the disease is chronic. However, it is not contagious and has periods of outbreaks as well as periods of calm. Often the dyshidrosis is seasonal, ie in spring and summer there are more outbreaks.
The cause of this skin condition is internal, meaning it has its origin in the body. In fact, it is often associated with factors such as stress and allergies. While it often first appears in people between the ages of 15 and 30, it can affect people of any age and gender.
The causes of dyshidrosis
Experts do not know the exact cause of dyshidrosis. However, they do know that certain factors can increase the likelihood of developing this condition. These factors are for example:
- Emotional stress
- Allergies to perfume, drugs, or metals
- Have inflammation caused by bacteria or fungus on the skin
- Atopic dermatitis or other allergic diseases such as asthma or hay fever
- Even a pregnancy due to the hormonal changes be a triggering factor
What are the symptoms of dyshidrosis of the hands and feet?
This condition usually first appears between the fingers. From there it then spreads to the palms of the hands. It can also appear on the soles of the feet and on the sides of the feet. At the same time, however, it is uncommon for dyshidrosis to appear on the back of the hands or other parts of the body.
The symptoms of dyshidrosis on the hands and feet are:
- The appearance of small blisters, often causing severe itching.
- Skin peeling : The skin may peel off as a result of this condition. This can be very painful.
- Itching and thickening of the skin: The thickening of the skin occurs when the affected areas are scratched. For this reason, secondary ignition can occur.
The course of dyshidrosis can be different. It often goes away on its own within 3 to 4 weeks. However, it does tend to come back. After a symptom-free period, the next flare-up may take weeks or even months.
Treatment of dyshidrosis
To date, scientists have not yet developed a treatment that offers a definitive cure for dyshidrosis. However, there are ways to treat and control outbreaks. In this sense, treatments are merely symptomatic relief. So what can help:
- Highly effective topical corticosteroids to be administered for a week or two. Oral corticosteroids may also be necessary, depending on the intensity of the wounds and the current phase.
- Antibiotics : in case of subsequent infection of the wounds.
- Home Emollient Care Products : These are often helpful in reducing skin dryness.
- Oral antihistamines : These medicines help relieve itching.
- Other options : Doctors can recommend specific treatments, such as: B. phototherapy.
Outbreak control recommendations
Below are a number of recommendations that can help keep dyshidrosis outbreaks under control.
- Put a moisturizing cream on your hands several times a day.
- Avoid contact with irritating substances.
- Wash your hands and feet with gentle, unscented soaps.
- Use gloves when doing household chores.
- Be careful with foot hygiene (wash and dry thoroughly).
- Avoid scratching yourself. This means that the episode lasts even longer and the risk of a subsequent infection increases.
- Wear shoes with a leather sole. Natural materials allow your skin to breathe better. If you sweat excessively, you should change your socks at least twice a day.
Since stress is one of the factors that make dyshidrosis both likely and worse, you should try to manage it as best you can. With that in mind, in addition to the suggestions above, it’s a good idea to keep stress, anxiety, and nervousness under control. For example, by doing sports or doing relaxation and breathing exercises.
Yoga, tai chi, and medication can also be very helpful, so give it a try!