The contagious external parasitosis caused by an infestation with lice is called pediculosis. It occurs mainly on the human scalp. While it does not pose any health risks, it makes sense to take preventative measures.
Lice are small parasites that are between 2 and 3 millimeters long. They are light gray in color, but the exact shade is individually distinctive. They feed on small amounts of the host’s blood. How can you get rid of head lice ?
Head lice usually nest on the scalp, hair, behind the ears, on the eyebrows and even in the eyelashes of people.
They are transmitted through direct contact and sometimes through the sharing of personal items such as hats, caps, or hairbrushes.
Although lice only live around 28 days, they can reproduce quickly as they lay 10 eggs a day.
The eggs or nits, in turn, reach adulthood within 12 to 14 days. If not treated quickly, lice can multiply. So the process is repeated every three weeks.
What are the symptoms
- Apparent tingling or movement in the hair
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Eczema or skin lesions from constant scratching
Is It Dangerous to Have Lice?
To date, there are no known cases of disease transmission through head lice, which is why they are not considered a public health threat.
However, secondary skin infections can occur if the affected area is scratched.
What to do if you have head lice
While lice are not a serious health problem, treatment that includes family members and close friends and is repeated is needed.
Unfortunately, there is no approved medicine on the market that completely eliminates lice eggs (nits).
It is advisable to use both medication and alternative forms of treatment.
We’ll show you the most effective procedures and products in case you should need them one day.
1. Eliminate head lice with eucalyptus oil
The eucalyptus is a tree native to Australia that is now grown around the world. The leaves and the oil obtained by distillation are used. In fact, eucalyptus can be used for dozens of uses.
- Among other things, the oil is used as an antiseptic for wounds and its astringent effect is used. Because of this, it can help reduce the effects of lice on the skin.
2. Eliminate head lice with olive oil
This vegetable oil, which has various benefits for the human body, can be used as an aid in the treatment of lice.
The viscous consistency of the oil deprives the lice of oxygen. Thanks to the olive oil, the lice can no longer breathe and die from suffocation.
3. Eliminate head lice with white vinegar
This natural product is created using bacteria through the acetic acid fermentation of alcohol.
Its ingredients include acetic acid, which helps dissolve the chitin in the protective shells of the nits. The trays are used to adhere to the hair.
You can combine the above two remedies and prepare a hair bath with vinegar and olive oil.
- 2 cups of white vinegar (500 ml)
- 2 cups of olive oil (500 ml)
- Plastic wrap for the kitchen
- Metal lice comb
What should I do?
- Heat vinegar to a suitable temperature so as not to burn the infected person.
- Soak the previously moistened hair in the heated vinegar and massage in for a few minutes until the hair is largely covered.
- Take your hair and wrap it completely in kitchen wrap. Close the package around the head as tightly as possible so that the scent and ingredients of the vinegar can take effect.
- Leave on for 1 hour.
- After the specified time, the foil can be removed and the hair can be rinsed with hot water.
- Also heat the olive oil to a temperature that will not burn the skin and soak the hair with it.
- Again, the hair is wrapped in foil for an hour so that the oil can take effect.
- The film is then removed and the lice and nits are combed out in sections with the lice comb.
- Once all of the nits have been removed, the hair can be washed in the usual way with a shampoo of your choice. Due to the pretreatment, several washes may be necessary.
Note: some only do the vinegar treatment.
4. Eliminate head lice with tea tree oil
Tea tree oil is considered to be one of the best substances for killing lice.
This oil comes from the Melaleuca Alternifolia shrub , which is native to Australia, and has been used to treat skin problems since ancient times.
It has antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiseptic properties, functions that are highly valued when it comes to preventing lice infestation.
5. Eliminate head lice with parsley
Native to and widely used in the small islands of the Mediterranean, this plant has many medicinal properties.
Thanks to its beta-carotene content, it promotes healing, as it accelerates the skin’s repair process in the case of wounds.
Some of the essential oils it contains have antibacterial and antifungal properties that help with skin infections and soothe irritated skin.
Parsley, for example, helps eliminate lice infestation, reduces irritation from bites and regulates the pH of the scalp.
6. Eliminate head lice with lavender oil
Lavender is a medicinal plant with a wide variety of uses in the form of essential oil. Lavender acts, among other things, as an analgesic, cell regenerator, sedative …
However, one of the most important effects against lice is its scent. A property of the plant that can be used for defense.
- Its application on the scalp creates a kind of protective shield against future lice infestation.
A fine comb
Also known as a lice comb, this is an easily accessible tool designed to trap nits and lice between its fine bristles.
This comb is mainly used when the hair is wet.
- The procedure is most effective when hair conditioners and alcohol are used, as the action of both agents makes the comb easier to slide and causes less hair damage.
No direct contact
Avoid direct contact during social activities, such as in sandpits or swimming pools.
It is recommended that clothing that the infected person has been wearing a few days before the start of the treatment should be washed as hot as possible and tumble dried or ironed.
Lice and their eggs cannot withstand temperatures above 53.5 ° C.
If the clothes need dry cleaning, take them to a dry cleaner or store them in sealed plastic bags for two weeks to prevent lice from spreading.
Shared use of the following items should be avoided:
- Cuddly toys
- Personal hair care products
Cleaning of furniture and floors
Try to avoid having the affected person’s hair spread around the different areas of the house as it may contain nits.
Do not lie on furniture that the infected person has recently come into contact with.
Head lice survive for 1 to 2 days even without a host.
Nits cannot hatch without human body temperature, but it will be a week before they die if the necessary living conditions are lacking.
Note : Avoid using lice control sprays as they can be toxic.
As you can see, treatments to remove head lice require thoroughness and time. However, these uses are practical and natural.
We hope these recommendations will help you.