Even if the first reaction is often to lean your head back, it is wrong. You need to bend your head forward to prevent swallowing blood. Breathe in through your mouth.
You have probably already seen someone in your family or friends, or maybe even yourself, suddenly start bleeding from the nose. But how can you stop nosebleeds quickly?
How does this happen? What are the reasons for that? We’ll explain it to you in the following article.
Why do nosebleeds occur?
You don’t need to worry too much because in most cases, nosebleeds are not bad. It is common in both adults and children.
The nose consists of a multitude of small blood vessels that can burst when there is a change in temperature or a cold, for example.
The air inhaled through the nose can be dry and irritate the membrane in the nose. This, too, can lead to nosebleeds. Because temperature plays an important role, nosebleeds are more common in winter.
Most of the bleeding occurs in the front part of the nasal cavity, rarely in the back. But when this happens, the bleeding is more difficult to control.
Some of the causes of nosebleeds include:
- Irritation from an allergy or a cold
- Cold or very dry air
- Heavy blowing of the nose or nose picking
- A small injury in the nose or a blocked nasal cavity
- Chemical polluter
- high blood pressure
- More serious reasons: possible tumors
What can we do about a nosebleed?
First of all: keep calm. This is especially true when the patients are children. Calm the child down and explain that it is nothing bad and that it will pass soon.
Here are a few tips to help stop the bleeding:
- Sit down and tilt your head forward. Why? This can prevent blood from being swallowed. Breathe through your mouth.
- Then press gently on the nose, on the soft part of the nose. This way you can close the nasal cavity. Press for two minutes, then release your nose to see if it stopped the blood. Still breathing through your mouth.
- Remember to always keep your head forward to avoid swallowing blood.
- Then every five minutes you check to see if your nose is still bleeding.
- If the nosebleed hasn’t stopped, you can apply a cold compress or, alternatively, a bit of ice. This is another way to stop the nosebleed.
- Many people have a tendency to plug their noses with gauze. You can do that, but it is important that you don’t plug your whole nose.
- Do not lie down while the bleeding continues. Blood could also be swallowed, so this is not a good idea. It is always best to tilt your head forward so that the blood flow goes down and your nose does not become blocked.
- Avoid blowing your nose or cleaning your nose for the next few hours. Otherwise the nose could start bleeding again.
- If the bleeding doesn’t stop, you should go to the hospital. A nasal spray is usually used there to seal the small blood vessels and stop the nosebleed.
When should I see a doctor?
You should see a doctor in the following cases:
- If the nosebleed doesn’t get better after 20 minutes .
- When the nosebleed occurs after a blow to the head. Here the bleeding can indicate a head injury.
- When the nose is not only bleeding, but also deformed after a blow. It is possible that the side wall of the nose was injured. This can be very painful.
You should also consider the following aspects:
Do you often have nosebleeds? Once a week or more? Has the nosebleed nothing to do with a cold or a temperature difference? Even then, you should see a doctor.