Hypocalcemia: What Is It And How Is It Treated?

Hypocalcemia is diagnosed when there is a lack of calcium in the blood. Today we are going to find out how to diagnose and treat this problem.

Hypocalcemia: what is it and how is it treated?

Calcium is one of the essential minerals that keep our health in optimal condition. However, if your blood levels are too low, you may have hypocalcemia – a common disease.

This mineral has two very important functions in our body, on the intercellular and on the extracellular level. This is illustrated very well in the article “ Calcium changes: hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia ”.

  • At the intercellular level: Here calcium is involved in several enzymatic reactions as well as in the transmission of nerve cells and is quite important.
  • At the extracellular level: At this level, it is extremely important for endocrine secretion, coagulation and neuromuscular plaque.

    These two levels need to be considered as many of the symptoms of hypocalcemia are related. Now let’s take a closer look at important questions about this disease.

    What is hypocalcemia?

    What are the symptoms?

    Symptoms of hypercalcemia in the bone

    Hypocalcemia usually occurs due to a lack of vitamin D, for example when we have chronic kidney disease or when we encounter a serious problem with our blood (such as when diagnosed with leukemia).

    In all of these and many more cases, the main organs suffering from calcium deficiency are the bones, intestines, and kidneys. Let us now consider some of the symptoms of this disease in detail.

    • Increased excitability of the neuromuscular endplate:  muscle spasms occur, which can be very painful. This usually affects the muscles of the limbs. This condition is also known as tetany.
    • Fatigue and weakness: Patients talk about being much more tired than usual. This may be due to diarrhea and the sudden weight loss that usually occurs during the course of this illness.
    • Psychosis and Anxiety:  These two symptoms are very common. Patients begin to manifest a change in their sense of reality, followed by multiple anxiety attacks.
    • Paresthesia: In  addition to cramps, patients may experience tingling, numbness and a burning sensation in various parts of the body. Sometimes there is even severe pain.

      These are just a few of the symptoms that can be associated with hypocalcemia. However, there are many other symptoms, such as arrhythmias or arterial hypotension. To get a reliable diagnosis and begin the proper treatment of this disease, it is imperative to put yourself in the hands of a doctor.

      How do you treat hypocalcemia?

      Treatment of hypocalcemia

      A blood test should definitely be done to check whether a person really has hypocalcemia. This will help the doctor determine if treatment is needed and what type of hypocalcemia the patient has.

      Acute hypocalcemia

      This type of hypocalcemia is serious and needs urgent treatment. This is usually done on the basis of calcium gluconate, which delivers this mineral to the body via an intravenous route.

      While the patient is receiving this treatment, he must be under constant observation and control. This is because this treatment, while necessary, can cause abnormal heart rhythms.

      Chronic hypocalcemia

      This type of hypocalcemia is very different from the previous one. There are serious problems  stabilizing and equalizing the level of calcium in the blood. This condition lasts for a longer period of time and is therefore chronic.

      Because of this, these patients need regular screening and take calcium and vitamin D supplements orally. This species isn’t that serious, but again, follow-up care is essential to control calcium levels.

      The examinations are carried out weekly if the diagnosis was not very long ago. Later, one check-up every month is sufficient and finally only every three months. As with people with hyperthyroidism or hyperthyroidism, patients with hypocalcaemia should have all check-ups regularly.

      Chronic hypocalcemia is not at risk of cardiovascular disorders, but kidney stones can develop. The best way to prevent this from happening is to control salt intake through diet.

      We hope that this article was interesting and informative for you, because a lot of people suffer from this disease.

      Related Articles

      Leave a Reply

      Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

      Back to top button