Milk is known as an excellent source of calcium and this mineral is known to be essential for the formation and maintenance of bones and teeth. Calcium also has other important functions in the body. Learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of milk today.
Milk is a staple food because the calcium it contains strengthens bones, teeth and other structures. However, one hears more and more frequently about the health risks associated with milk consumption . But not everything is just white or black. Today we invite you to read this post to learn more about the benefits and risks of milk.
Milk has been consumed in almost all cultures for thousands of years. Humans have been benefiting from the benefits of this food since cattle were domesticated around 11,000 years ago.
For human consumption it is preferred to use cake, sheep, zigen and buffalo milk. However, some also love donkey or camel milk. Before consumption, the animal milk is usually treated by heating or industrial processes that slightly change the composition of the milk.
Milk consumption and its benefits
Milk is one of the most important natural calcium sources and at the same time it is the best baby food. Calcium is essential for the formation and maintenance of bones and teeth, among other things. But milk also contains other important nutrients and is a very complete food.
It is also a raw material for a wide variety of products and recipes. You can use it to make butter, cheese, yoghurt or cream, for example. Most cow’s milk is consumed worldwide, which is why we concentrate on the composition of this animal milk:
- Water: The majority of cow’s milk consists of water, we are talking about 80 – 87%.
- Carbohydrates: Lactose (or milk sugar) is a carbohydrate. It is often responsible for intolerance, which is why some people have to go without milk.
- Proteins: Cow’s milk contains high-quality proteins and a significant proportion of essential amino acids. These make up around 3 to 4% of milk.
- Fats: Between 3 and 6% of milk is made up of fats, but this percentage varies depending on the diet and breed of the animal. Around 90% of the fats contained are triglycerides.
- Vitamins: Among other things, milk contains vitamins A and D as well as riboflavin (B2), B12 and thiamine.
- Minerals: Milk is rich in minerals that can be found in it in the form of salts. It contains calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iodine, sodium, magnesium and zinc.
Milk consumption and its disadvantages
As already mentioned at the beginning, which can milk consumption but also have a number of negative effects, you should consider. These include the following:
1. Lactose intolerance: Refrain from consuming milk!
In German-speaking countries, around 15% of adults are lactose intolerant. But not everyone knows that they suffer from an intolerance and therefore continue to consume milk.
Globally, lactose intolerance is around 75% of the adult population. So it is not a disease but a completely normal condition.
Between the ages of two and four the body stops synthesizing the enzyme lactase, which is necessary for milk digestion. As a result, many can no longer digest milk properly. It remains in the intestines and fermented by the intestinal bacteria, which in turn leads to gas, pain and sometimes diarrhea.
2. Poor absorption of calcium
By consuming animal proteins, the pH value in the blood becomes acidic and as a result the organism uses part of the calcium stored in the bones to rebalance the alkaline-acid balance. It has been shown that the consumption of dairy products and other foods with calcium is not a protective factor that reduces the risk of bone fractures.
While milk has very important nutrients, it is not necessary to absorb them. For example, calcium from certain types of vegetables can be used much better.
3. Milk consumption increases the risk of allergies and asthma
Cow’s milk has three times as much protein as human breast milk and some of it are difficult for the organism to digest.
As a result, heavy proteins (such as casein) can become lodged in the lymphatic vessels in the intestine and prevent the absorption of nutrients. This in turn can lead to problems with the immune system, allergies or asthma.
It is important to know whether or not you are lactose intolerant to prevent potential problems caused by milk consumption. If there is no intolerance, milk can be consumed in moderation in order to benefit from the beneficial nutrients. However, you should definitely not take too much of it!