Oxygen Therapy: Application And Effects

Oxygen therapy is most often used to treat chronic respiratory insufficiency. But in recent years it has also been used more and more for aesthetic purposes. 

Oxygen therapy: application and effects

The oxygen therapy is a medically prescribed treatment is administered in oxygen at high concentration. The purpose is to treat hypoxia (lack of oxygen).

This therapy is mostly used for chronic respiratory insufficiency. But in recent years oxygen therapy has also been  used increasingly for cosmetic purposes. Find out interesting facts about this method today.

How does oxygen therapy work?

How does oxygen therapy work?

Oxygen therapy is mainly used to  supply the tissue with oxygen. To do this, the transportability of hemoglobin is used.

In addition, this therapy can also  alleviate the symptoms of various ailments and diseases, such as chronic bronchitis or EPOC. Oxygen therapy is also used for hyperventilation associated with obesity and severe asthma.

It is also a good  alternative to various aesthetic treatments, especially for dry, oily, wrinkled or tired skin. This method is also used successfully for dark circles and skin spots.

In the cosmetic field  , oxygen therapy supplies the skin with additional moisture. In addition, it stimulates collagen production and promotes glowing, young skin.

Oxygen therapy: different types

In the case of respiratory insufficiency, oxygen therapy is essential. The oxygen is given as prescribed by a doctor, but there are two methods that are most commonly used:

Normobaric oxygen therapy

In normobaric oxygen therapy, oxygen is administered in different concentrations, usually in the range between 21 and 100%. This is usually done through nasal cannulas or a mask.

Hyperbaric oxygenation

In this case, oxygen is always given at a concentration of 100%. The patient is in a chamber and wears a helmet or mask.

The aim is to increase the oxygen supply to the tissues via hemoglobin. When the body receives a high dose of oxygen, pressure builds up in the alveoli (air sacs), causing the hemoglobin to become saturated.

In this way, the pressure of the oxygen in the alveoli increases and  the breathing and heart strain decrease. This enables the oxygen pressure to be kept constant.

What complications can arise?

As with any treatment, complications can arise if the oxygen concentration is inadequate. Treatment for too long can also lead to problems. 

The most common symptoms in this case are:

  • Tracheitis (inflammation of the windpipe) or bronchitis
  • Discoloration of the mucous membranes
  • Acute lung injury
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

In addition, inhaling the dry and cold gases can lead to  dryness and ulcers in the mucous membrane. The transport of the mucous membranes can also deteriorate. Often secretions are retained and their density increases.

How is the oxygen administered?

Oxygen therapy

If the patient breathes spontaneously  , they are given nasal cannulas and a mask to absorb the oxygen. There are different types of masks:

  • Venturi mask: This gives the patient the precise oxygen concentration he needs. The victim cannot eat or speak during the administration. This can lead to a feeling of heat and slight skin irritation.
  • Simple breathing mask:  It is a mask made of soft plastic that covers the mouth and nose. It has side holes that allow the exhaled air to be let out. This mask is fitted well to the nose with a rubber band on the head to prevent air from escaping.

There are low flow rate systems  that are suitable for people who require little oxygen. In addition, there are systems with a high flow rate and overpressure chamber. But patients without spontaneous breathing need a mechanical ventilator.


The oxygen therapy prescribed by a doctor is very helpful in various cases and is therefore often used. However, this method is also suitable for cosmetic purposes and is used in beauty treatments. 

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