It is useful to keep the thyroid healthy in order to prevent diseases such as hyperthyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
Our thyroid is an organ that, in the best case scenario, we will not notice anything in our life; it works quietly and quietly. And it should stay that way. You can help them stay healthy and productive.
What exactly does the thyroid do, please?
The thyroid gland in humans is located on the neck, slightly below the larynx and in front of the windpipe.
The thyroid stores iodine and makes the thyroid hormones, without which the body would not have a proper metabolism. In adults , the thyroid hormones influence the metabolism and functional status of almost all organs:
- The calcitonin formed in the thyroid plays a subordinate role in the calcium metabolism of the organism.
- Thyroid hormones also work on the heart and circulation.
- They lead to an increase in the pulse rate and blood pressure and thus to an expansion of blood vessels.
- They affect the sugar, fat and connective tissue metabolism by increasing their turnover.
- And they also increase the activity of the sweat and sebum glands of the skin and the activity of the bowel movements.
- In the nervous system, they lead to increased excitability of the cells.
Overall, the thyroid hormones increase the energy consumption and the basal metabolic rate of the organism.
If the thyroid gland has a disorder, many things in the body can no longer function as they should. So make sure not to get any thyroid disease!
If the function of the thyroid gland is disturbed by diseases such as inflammation, tumors, growths and the like, either an underactive thyroid or an overactive thyroid results.
With an overactive thyroid, the body is supplied with too many thyroid hormones, which overly stimulate all organ systems. As a result, the entire metabolism runs at full speed.
With hypothyroidism, too few thyroid hormones are produced in the thyroid gland and the body is insufficiently supplied with them.
This deficiency leads to a slowdown in body functions – the entire metabolism runs on the back burner.
How do you prevent diseases?
You cannot actively prevent all thyroid diseases; some are also inherited and occur one way or another without you being able to do anything about them.
However, there are very simple and proven effective behaviors to prevent hyperthyroidism or hyperthyroidism :
Think about the iodine!
An underactive thyroid can be prevented with a diet rich in iodine. You don’t have to buy iodine tablets to do this, just make sure that you use iodized table salt for cooking.
Numerous types of (sea) fish are also good sources of iodine . Caution: if you have a hereditary predisposition to diseases that promote hypothyroidism, too much iodine can promote the disease!
Iodine controls the metabolism via the production of thyroid hormones, among other things, and is involved in growth in the formation of the brain and hearing.
It also affects the child’s development in terms of height growth.
Due to the geological parent rock of the soils, Germany is an iodine deficiency area. Before iodized salt was introduced, many citizens suffered from goiter from a greatly enlarged thyroid gland.
Fierce discussions have flared up on the Internet about iodine, but international science agrees that iodine deficiency has a lasting effect on the hormonal balance.
The formation of thyroid hormones is very disruptive and iodized salt is a sensible solution to prevent damage to health from iodine deficiency.
Eat a balanced and healthy diet!
As in all other areas, a balanced diet is the best basic prevention.
This diet should include plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains and meat, and sea fish on a regular basis.
One-sided nutrition or “nutritional ideas” usually lead to malnutrition and the diseases it causes.
Try to eat as few manufactured products as possible and cook with fresh produce as much as possible.
Ready-made meals, “pre-packaged meals”, frozen meals or tins have little to do with a healthy diet.
Only frozen vegetables can be better than fresh vegetables from the greengrocer, as the vitamin and mineral content of frozen vegetables is higher due to the shorter distances from the field to the bag.
Zinc has an impact on the production of thyroid hormones, which is why you should always get enough zinc. Zinc is also important for the immune system.
Many of us know a zinc deficiency symptom without knowing it: torn corners of the mouth or aphthous ulcers!
There is a particularly high amount of zinc (and iodine!) In oysters and other seafood. Unfortunately, they are not only rich in zinc, but also in harmful heavy metals such as mercury, which is why you should avoid consuming them.
Another good source of zinc is meat, especially liver and beef. Those who do without meat can also get a good supply of zinc from cheese, eggs, oat flakes, nuts or legumes.