What To Do With Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation can have different causes and so the therapy is also very different.

What to do with hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is not always a purely aesthetic problem, which is why you should make an appointment with your dermatologist immediately if you notice discoloration of your skin, the cause of which you do not know. Hyperpigmentation  could also be skin cancer!

Reasons for hyperpigmentation

Basically , hyperpigmentation initially only means that an excessive amount of the skin pigment melanin is stored in the skin.

As a result, the skin area appears discolored in the case of hyperpigmentation , usually from light brown like freckles to almost black or deep dark brown, depending on the severity.

Other reasons for discoloration of the skin, which cannot really be counted as hyperpigmentation, are other substances that change the skin color, for example carotene, a plant pigment that leads to characteristic skin coloring in some babies, but can also change the skin tone in adults.

Liver or gallbladder diseases can also lead to discoloration of the skin.

Some hyperpigmentation can also be traced back to hormones, such as the linea negra on the belly of pregnant women or the so-called “pregnancy mask”, which disappear again after delivery.

Brown discolouration on the neck occurs in obese, i.e. very overweight people, and decreases with a reduction in weight.

Skin cancer can also lead to hyperpigmentation, so you should have any unclear discoloration of your skin examined by your dermatologist.

Local inflammation of the skin can also stimulate the production of melanin too much, so that after the inflammation has subsided, dark spots, similar to a scar, can remain.

If you read medication leaflets, you will find that there are some whose side effects can include skin discoloration or spots on the skin.

However, these usually disappear again after stopping the drug.

What can be done against skin discoloration?

If there is no risk of skin cancer, you can try the following home remedies to lighten your hyperpigmentation spots a little.

The same is important with these traditional methods as with creams from the chemist’s kit: only those who consistently use them over a long period of time can see success!

Take care of your skin with sunscreen

Protection against formation / darkening

The best protection against skin spots is not to let them appear in the first place. Since hyperpigmentation darkens when exposed to sunlight, exposure to sunlight should be avoided. The most effective way to do this is with sunscreens.

Many day creams, BB and CC creams already contain a sun protection factor, but the right cream is not always included.

In the pharmacy there are liposomal sunscreens that you can wear as day cream under make-up and that you do not have to re-apply during the day.

If you use cheap sun cream or a day cream with a sun protection factor, sun protection may not be guaranteed all day!

Hyperpigmentation occurs precisely where conventional sunscreen is quickly worn away by sweat: on the nose, cheekbones and forehead.

Therefore, you should make sure that your sun protection is really effective all day: either re-cream or use liposomal products!

The higher the sun protection factor, the less UV radiation hits your spots and the lighter they stay!

protect skin in case of hyperpigmentation

peeling

A peeling removes the top layer of skin and a lighter layer of skin underneath comes to the surface.

A weekly peeling is therefore suitable to keep your unloved skin spots on your face permanently bright.

You can get an inexpensive and simple peeling if you mix a lot of table sugar or salt with a little lemon or orange juice to a granular pulp and use this on the face as a peel.

The fruit acid contained in the citrus fruits also helps to intensify the peeling.

Drugs for hyperpigmentation

Just as drugs can be the cause of hyperpigmentation, there are also drugs that weaken or stop the excessive production of the skin pigment melanin.

However, such remedies require a prescription and are only available through your dermatologist, who will rule out skin cancer before prescribing.

Hyperpigmentation can be quite harmless and also go away again, but skin cancer is a serious risk that you should always keep in mind.

If skin cancer is discovered and treated early, the chances of a cure are quite good. If you have hyperpigmentation, you should therefore have your dermatologist examine you regularly. 

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